THE INTERNATIONAL BILL OF HUMAN RIGHTS
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IAEA

Secretary - General Mr. Ban Ki-moon | President of the General Assembly Mr. Vuk Jeremic | Member States 1945 : 51 | 2011 : 193 Member States

   

 

Functions and Powers of The Security Council
MEMBER STATES of The IAEA
Statute of The IAEA

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The United Nations IAEA

Current Director General of The IAEA is Mr. Yukiya AMANO

About IAEA

The IAEA is the world's center of cooperation in the nuclear field. It was set up as the world´s "Atoms for Peace" organization in 1957 within the United Nations family. The Agency works with its Member States and multiple partners worldwide to promote safe, secure and peaceful nuclear technologies.

Organizational Profile


The IAEA Secretariat is headquartered at the Vienna International Centre in Vienna, Austria. Operational liaison and regional offices are located in Geneva, Switzerland; New York, USA; Toronto, Canada; and Tokyo, Japan. The IAEA runs or supports research centers and scientific laboratories in Vienna and Seibersdorf, Austria; Monaco; and Trieste, Italy. (See Offices and Contacts).

The IAEA Secretariat is a team of 2300 multi-disciplinary professional and support staff from more than 100 countries. The Agency is led by Director General Yukiya Amano and six Deputy Directors General who head the major departments. (See IAEA Staff).

IAEA programmes and budgets are set through decisions of its policymaking bodies - the 35-member Board of Governors and the General Conference of all Member States. Reports on IAEA activities are submitted periodically or as cases warrant to the UN Security Council and UN General Assembly. (See Policy Bodies).

IAEA financial resources include the regular budget and voluntary contributions. The annual regular budget is set by the General Conference, as well as extra-budgetary funds and voluntary contributions to the Technical Co-operation Fund. (These figures are published in the latest IAEA Annual Report).

In 1953, the President of the United StatesDwight D. Eisenhower, proposed the creation of an international body to both regulate and promote the peaceful use of atomic power (nuclear power), in his Atoms for Peace address to the UN General Assembly. In September 1954, the United Statesproposed to the General Assembly the creation of an international agency to take control of fissile material, which could be used either for nuclear power or for nuclear weapons. This agency would establish a kind of "nuclear bank."

The United States also called for an international scientific conference on all of the peaceful aspects of nuclear power. By November 1954, it had become clear that the Soviet Union would reject any international custody of fissile material, but that a clearing house for nuclear transactions might be possible. From August 8 to August 20, 1955, the United Nations held the International Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy in Geneva,Switzerland. During 1956, an IAEA Statute Conference was held to draft the founding documents for the IAEA, and the IAEA Statute was completed at a conference in 1957.

Former U.S. Congressman W. Sterling Cole served as the IAEA's first Director General from 1957 to 1961. Mr. Cole served only one term, after which the IAEA was headed by two Swedes for nearly four decades: the scientist Sigvard Eklund held the job from 1961 to 1981, followed by former SwedishForeign Minister Hans Blix, who served from 1981 to 1997. Mr. Blix was succeeded as Director General by Mohamed ElBaradei of Egypt, who served until November 2009.

Beginning in 1986, in response to the nuclear reactor explosion and disaster near Chernobyl, Ukraine, the IAEA redoubled its efforts in the field of nuclear safety. The same happened after the Fukushima disaster in Fukushima, Japan.

Both the IAEA and its then Director General, Mr. ElBaradei, were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005. In ElBaradei's acceptance speech in Oslo, he stated that only one percent of the money spent on developing new weapons would be enough to feed the entire world, and that, if we hope to escape self-destruction, then nuclear weapons should have no place in our collective conscience, and no role in our security.

On July 2, 2009, Mr. Yukiya Amano of Japan was elected as the Director General for the IAEA,[8] defeating Abdul Samad Minty of South Africa and Luis E. Echávarri of Spain. On 3 July 2009, the Board of Governors voted to appoint Yukiya Amano "by acclamation," and IAEA General Conference in September 2009 approved. He took office on 1 December 2009.

IAEA HEADQUARTERS SINCE 1979 VIENNA AUSTRIA
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On Tuesday, 1 December, in Vienna, Yukiya Amano entered the International Atomic Energy Agency´s headquarters in Vienna on his first day as Director General. Mr. Amano is the "Atoms for Peace" Agency´s fifth top official since the Organization´s founding in 1957. A career diplomat and lawyer, he has worked extensively on IAEA-related, disarmament, non-proliferation and nuclear energy issues for over thirty years. He is committed to nuclear disarmament and extending the benefits of the peaceful uses of nuclear technology, applications, science and energy to a global population.

Mr. Yukiya AMANO

Yukiya Amano is Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency. The IAEA, an intergovernmental organization based in Vienna, is the global centre for cooperation in nuclear applications, energy, science and technology. Established in 1957, the Agency works with its Member States and partners to promote safe, secure and peaceful nuclear technologies and prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons.

Mr. Amano served as Chair of the Agency’s Board of Governors from September 2005 to September 2006. He was Japan's Resident Representative to the Agency from 2005 until his election as Director General in July 2009. He assumed his duties as IAEA Director General on 1 December 2009. He has extensive experience in disarmament and non-proliferation diplomacy, as well as nuclear energy issues.

At the Japanese Foreign Ministry, Mr. Amano was Director-General for the Disarmament, Non-Proliferation and Science Department from 2002 until 2005. He previously served as a governmental expert on the U.N. Panel on Missiles and on the U.N. Expert Group on Disarmament and Non-Proliferation Education. Mr. Amano contributed to the 1995, 2000 and 2005 Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty Review Conferences, and he chaired the 2007 Preparatory Committee for the 2010 Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty Review Conference.

A graduate of the Tokyo University Faculty of Law, Mr. Amano joined the Japanese Foreign Ministry in April 1972, when he began a series of international postings in Belgium, France, Laos, Switzerland, and the United States.

Mr. Amano was born in 1947, is married and speaks English, French and Japanese.

Mr. Yukiya AMANO Director General IAEA
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The Director General of United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency

Mr. Yukiya AMANO

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UNICEF

UNICEF is the driving force that helps build a world where the rights of every child are realized. We have the global authority to influence decision-makers, and the variety of partners at grassroots level to turn the most innovative ideas into reality.  That makes us unique among world organizations, and unique among those working with the young.

UNICEF believes that nurturing and caring for children are the cornerstones of human progress.  UNICEF was created with this purpose in mind – to work with others to overcome the obstacles that poverty, violence, disease and discrimination place in a child’s path.  We believe that we can, together, advance the cause of humanity.

UNICEF advocates for measures to give children the best start in life, because proper care at the youngest age forms the strongest foundation for a person’s future.

UNICEF promotes girls’ education – ensuring that they complete primary education as a minimum – because it benefits all children, both girls and boys. Girls who are educated grow up to become better thinkers, better citizens, and better parents to their own children.

UNICEF is committed to changing the world for children. It strives to protect their rights, improve their health, and nurture their development through sound planning and monitoring of policy results.

Current Executive Director of UNICEF is Mr. Anthony LAKE

EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR of UNICEF Mr. Anthony LAKE
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Mr. Anthony Lake became UNICEF’s sixth Executive Director on 1 May 2010

The STRUCTURE of UNICEF

With its strong presence in 190 countries, UNICEF is the world's leading advocate for children.

The heart of UNICEF's work is in the field. Each country officecarries out UNICEF's mission through a unique programme of cooperation developed with the host government. This five-year programme focuses on practical ways to realize the rights of children and women. Their needs are analyzed in a situation report produced at the beginning of the programme cycle.Regional offices guide this work and provide technical assistance to country offices as needed. UNICEF's work is fully part of other United Nations activities in a country. 

Overall management and administration of the organization takes place at headquarters, where global policy on children is shaped. Specialized offices include the Supply Division, based in Copenhagen, which provides such essential items as the majority of  life-saving vaccine doses for children in developing countries.

UNICEF also operates the Innocenti Research Centre in Florence and Offices for Japan and Brussels, which assist with fund-raising and liaison with policy makers.

Many people in industrialized countries first hear about UNICEF’s work through the activities of 36National Committees for UNICEF. These non-governmental organizations promote children’s rights, raise funds, sell UNICEF greeting cards and products, create key corporate and civil societypartnerships, and provide other invaluable support. The committees raise a third of UNICEF's resources.

Well known National Commitee campaigns include Check Out for Children, where guests add a donation to UNICEF to their room bill when checking out; Change For Good®, which enables passengers on international airlines to donate their leftover foreign coins and notes; and 'Trick or Treat for UNICEF,' in which milions of children in the United States, Canada, Mexico and Ireland raise funds for UNICEF.

UNICEF is supported entirely by voluntary funds. Governments contribute two thirds of our resources; private groups and some 6 million individual donors contribute the rest through our National Committees. 

Guiding and monitoring all of UNICEF's work is a 36-member Executive Board made up of government representatives. They establish policies, approve programmes and decide on administrative and financial plans and budgets. Members are elected by the United Nations Economic and Social Council, usually for three-year terms.

UNICEF Headquarters

Country Web Site: http://www.unicefusa.org

NEW YORK

National Committee

Mail address

 

United States Fund for UNICEF 
125 Maiden Lane, 11th Floor
New York, NY 10038

Visitors' address

 

United States Fund for UNICEF 
125 Maiden Lane, 11th Floor
New York, NY 10038

Telephone

 

Country code

1

City code

212

 

686.5522

Facsimile

 

779.1679

Email

 

got to:http://www.unicefusa.org/about/contact/

 

NEW YORK

Headquarters

Mail address

 

UNICEF House
3 United Nations Plaza
New York, New York 10017
U.S.A.

Visitors' address

 

3 United Nations Plaza
44th Street between 1st and 2nd Avenues
New York, New York

Telephone

 

Country code

1

City code

212

 

326.7000 - Switchboard UNICEF House

Facsimile

 

887.7465 - Primary
887.7454 - Secondary

Email

 

URL http://www.unicef.org

 
UNICEF Child - Friendly School Model

The child-friendly school (CFS) model is simple: it calls for schools to operate in the best interests of the child. Child-friendly educational environments must be safe, healthy and protective. They must be provided with trained teachers, adequate resources and appropriate physical, emotional and social conditions for learning.

Within a child-friendly school, children’s rights are protected and their voices are heard. The learning environment is a haven in which children can learn and grow and in which their identities and varied needs are respected. The CFS model promotes inclusiveness, gender sensitivity, tolerance, dignity and personal empowerment.

There is no single way to make a school child-friendly. Though the model may differ from country to country, in every culture a child-friendly school provides child-centred education in a safe, healthy and holistic environment.

Child-friendly environments build on the assets that children bring from their homes and communities, respecting their unique backgrounds and circumstances. The CFS model compensates for any shortcomings in the home or community that might impede a child’s ability to enrol in school, attend regularly or succeed in studies. For example, when learning is hampered by a lack of food, a school feeding programme can provide children the nutrition they need. In such circumstances it also serves as an incentive to stay in school, reinforcing its child-friendliness.

The CFS model also builds partnerships between schools and communities. Children have the right to be fully prepared to become active and productive citizens, so their learning must be linked to the conditions and needs of their community.  

National governments can encourage the development of child-friendly schools by promoting free enrolment, prohibiting corporal punishment, encouraging the use of local languages in schools, integrating children with disabilities into mainstream schools, allowing pregnant students to complete their education, and implementing the right to education for children living with HIV and/or AIDS. 

To ensure sustainability of the CFS approach, governments can work to infuse key elements of the CFS model into all aspects of the education system, including the processes and parameters that shape the system. This means that planning, implementation, financing, staffing, management, supervision, monitoring and evaluation of education in the country will intrinsically embrace the CFS model.

In the past decade, the CFS approach has become UNICEF’s preferred strategy for promoting quality education, even during emergencies. When emergencies strike, UNICEF provides school-in-a-box kits to temporary child-friendly learning spaces. The routine of going to school helps children recover from trauma while also keeping their education on track. Our success in implementing the CFS model depends on collaboration with international partners. Together, we work to ensure that all children – regardless of whether they attend school in a building, in a tent or under a tree – receive a rights-based, quality education.

UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre Florence Italy

UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre in FlorenceItaly, was established in 1988, to strengthen the research capability of the United Nations Children's Fund and to support its advocacy for children worldwide.

The centre, formally known as the International Child Development Centre, has as its prime objectives to improve international understanding of issues relating to children's rights, to promote economic policies that advance the cause of children, and to help facilitate the full implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child in industrialized and developing countries.

The programme for 2006–2008 was approved by UNICEF Executive Board in September 2005. It reaffirms the centre's academic freedom and the focus of IRC's research on knowledge gaps, emerging questions and sensitive issues which are relevant to the realization of children's rights, in developing and industrialized countries. It capitalizes on IRC's role as an interface between UNICEF field experience, international experts, research networks and policy makers and is designed to strengthen the centre's institutional collaboration with regional academic and policy institutions, pursuing the following goals:

Three interrelated strategies will guide the achievement of these goals:

UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre Florence | Italy | Established in 1988
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Current President of The ECOSOC is His Excellency Néstor OSORIO .

His Excellency Néstor Osorio was elected sixty-ninth President of the Economic and Social Council on 28 January 2013. Ambassador Osorio is currently the Ambassador

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Permanent Representative of Colombia to the United Nations in New York.

ECOSOC BUREAU

The Bureau of the Economic and Social Council is elected by the Council at large at the beginning of each annual session. The Bureau's main functions are to propose the agenda, draw up

a programme of work and organize the session with the support of the United Nations Secretariat.

Bureau members for 2013:

President of ECOSOC: H.E. Ambassador Néstor Osorio (Colombia)

Vice-President of ECOSOC: H. E. Ambassador Daffa-Alla Elhag Ali Osman (Sudan)

Vice-President of ECOSOC: H.E. Ambassador Masood Khan (Pakistan)

Vice-President of ECOSOC: H. E. Ambassador Ferit Hoxha (Albania)

Vice-President of ECOSOC: H.E. Ambassador Martin Sajdik (Austria)

United Nations Economic and Social Council | ECOSOC
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ECOSOC MEMBERS

The Council's 54 member Governments are elected by the General Assembly for overlapping three-year terms. Seats on the Council are allotted based on geographical representation with fourteen allocated to African States, eleven to Asian States, six to Eastern European States, ten to Latin American and Caribbean States, and thirteen to Western European and other States.

ECOSOC Members | On Right Year Term Expires per 31 December

Albania

2015

Austria

2014

Belarus

2014

Benin

2015

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

2015

Brazil

2014

Bulgaria

2013

Burkina Faso

2014

Cameroon

2013

Canada

2015

China

2013

Colombia

2015

Croatia

2015

Cuba

2014

Denmark

2013

Dominican Republic

2014

Ecuador

2013

El Salvador

2014

Ethiopia

2014

France

2014

Gabon

2013

Haiti

2015

India

2014

Indonesia

2014

Ireland

2014

Japan

2014

Kuwait

2015

Kyrgyzstan

2015

Latvia

2013

Lesotho

2014

Libya

2014

Malawi

2013

Mauritius

2015

Mexico

2013

Nepal

2015

Netherlands

2015

New Zealand

2013

Nicaragua

2013

Nigeria

2014

Pakistan

2013

Qatar

2013

Republic of Korea

2013

Russian Federation

2013

San Marino

2015

Senegal

2013

South Africa

2015

Spain

2014

Sudan

2015

Sweden

2013

Tunisia

2015

Turkey

2014

Turkmenistan

2015

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

2013

United States of America

2015

 


 

Brief List of SUBSIDIARY BODIES OF ECOSOC

ECOSOC Functional Commissions

ECOSOC Regional Commissions


ECOSOC Standing Committees

QUEEN RANIA AL ABDULLAH of JORDAN
 
 
 

 

Credit : www.un.org